Evolutionaire Ecologie

Bijenorchis op BioScience Park in Leiden

We have a general interest in contemporary evolution and are specifically focused on the adaptation of organisms to ecological changes in their environment.

We study how ancient and more recent man-made environments, such as the city biome, create selective landscapes to which populations respond by evolving, within their developmental constraints, adaptive morphological and behavioral phenotypes. We use invertebrates and plants as study systems. These groups have relatively short generation times, making them ideal to study Human Induced Rapid Evolutionary Changes (HIREC) in response to modern ecological stress factors such as global warming, influx of exotic species, plastic pollution and urbanization.

Our research
themes & structure

Our research is structured as follows:

  1. scale of temporal processes (micro-evolution, meso-evolution, macro-evolution)
  2. methodology (experimental, descriptive or analytical)
  3. conceptual themes (selection and constraints; biotic and abiotic selection; key innovations; species-level specializations)
  4. fundamental and applied science

    Evolutionary Ecology has three research teams, each with their own specialization and grouped around a permanent researcher:

    • Barbara Gravendeel's PI group: evolution and development of highly specialized plant organs involved in pollination, seed dispersal and colonization of new habitats
    • Vincent Kalkman's PI group: evolution and ecology of dragonflies and damselflies
    • Menno Schilthuizen's PI group: urban evolution of land snails and insect herbivores on introduced plants

    We often work with citizen and community scientists and apply innovative approaches such as Automatic Image detection and comparative genomics

    Different colour forms of the nail Cepaea nemoralis
    Erycina pusilla bloem

    Current
    topics

    Tuinslak

    Rapid Evolution in the Anthropocene

    Rapid evolution takes place when there are drastic changes in the environment which drives species' adaptation. These days, humans are the chief cause for such drastic environmental changes. I run a number of research projects to understand how such HIREC…
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    Bhutan biodiversity project

    Bhutan biodiversity project

    Bhutanese and Dutch scientist are involved in a common effort to describe and better understand the biodiversity of Bhutan (Bhutan Biodiversity Project). This cooperation has since 2015 resulted in numerous in numerous small expeditions and the discovery…
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    Libelle

    Libellen

    Veel van mijn publicaties gaan over libellen. Ik heb veel gedaan aan de fauna van Europa (o.a. De EU Red List, Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies), Zuidwest Azië (vooral Turkije), New Guinea (o.a. veldgidsen voor juffers en libellen) en op…
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    En Tibi herbarium of tomato

    Ancient tomato genomics

    Past processes that shaped the current genetic diversity of the domesticated tomato are still largely unknown. Using Illumina HiSeq, we sequenced and compared full genomes from tomato accessions stored worldwide in genebanks and herbaria up to 182 years…
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    Vanilla pods analyzed in RAAK MKB project

    Microbiome of Vanilla

    DNA extracts of fermented fruits of species of Vanilla are currently being sequenced to obtain an impression of their microbiome, i.e. the diversity of fungi and bacteria living inside. The diversity of the microbiome is very different among vanille fruits…
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    Teaching
    activities

    Evolutionary Ecology organizes and contributes to several courses in the BSc and MSc biology curricula of Leiden University and Radboud University. We also created a MOOC (“Evolution Today”), which is on Coursera. In addition, we regularly offer internships for students from all universities to do projects with us. If you are interested, contact any of the Evolutionary Ecology research team members.

    Collaborations of
    Evolutionary Ecology

    • Within Naturalis, we extensively use the collections, the computational facilities, the molecular and morphology labs and LiveScience.
    • In Leiden, we closely collaborate with research groups and labs at the Institute of Biology Leiden, Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science, the University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Hortus botanicus and the Institute of Environmental Sciences.
    • In the Netherlands we collaborate mainly with Groningen University, Radboud University Nijmegen and Erasmus University Rotterdam.

    Drop by at
    Evolutionary Ecology

    Interested? Feel free to drop by!

    For example at

    • our 3-weekly digital group meetings on Wednesdays from 16:00 onwards

    Work location
    We can all be found at the 3th floor of the office building of Naturalis in section 3CL at the Darwinweg 2 in Leiden and in LiveScience

    Urban coot nest
    Cynorkis fastigiata and Epipactis helleborine