Leon Marshall

Leon Marshall

I study how patterns of biodiversity shift in space and time with a  focus on pollinators.  I'm particularly interested in the influence of climate and land use changes. 


Wild bees, pollination, environmental changes, biodiversity, modeling, conservation


Dr. Leon Marshall 

Postdoctoral Fellow
Pollinator ecology



  • How land use and climate changes affect biodiversity across time and space and how these changes are influenced by traits, phylogeny and interactions

  • Statistical techniques and tools for analyzing and modeling species distribution and diversity

  • Global patterns of insular wild bee diversity and distribution

  • The influence of environmental changes on wild bees as crop pollinators

Collecting bees in Limburg
Bombus mendax perching in the Alps


Marshall L, Biesmeijer JC, Rasmont P, et al. (2018) The interplay of climate and land use change affects the distribution of EU bumblebees. Global Change Biology 24:101–116. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13867

Aguirre-Gutiérrez J, WallisDeVries MF, Marshall L, et al. (2017) Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26:1126–1137. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12622 

Marshall, L., Carvalheiro, L. G., Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J, et al. (2015) Testing projected wild bee distributions in agricultural habitats: predictive power depends on species traits and habitat type. Ecology and Evolution 5(19): 4426–4436. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1579


A selection of the topics I am working on currently.

Nederland Zoemt Logo

Nederland Zoemt

Citizen science project in which measures taken for bees and pollinators are promoted. Cooperation with different partners and different targetgroups in the Netherlands.
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Nationale bijenstrategie logo

Nationale Bijenstrategie

As Naturalis Biodiversity Center we are an advising partner of the Dutch National Pollinator Initiative which brings together all of the bee supporting initiatives.
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